Unfortunately, even the most well
maintained tank occasionally suffers an epidemic. Tropical fish
diseases can be caused by everything from stress to rotting
matter contaminating the water. Here are a few ways to prevent
and treat various diseases.
A good way to prevent a number of tropical fish diseases is
to clean and monitor your tank regularly. Remove any dead fish
or rotting plant matter as soon as you find it. If you have any
particularly delicate fish, it may be a good idea to quarantine
them by putting them into small plastic bags while you clean.
Also, be sure not to replace all of the water in the tank, as
it contains useful bacteria that are important for the health
of your fish.
Over feeding or feeding your fish the wrong thing can also
result in a number of tropical fish diseases. As well as being
hard on their digestive systems, neglected food tends to
release harmful amounts of nitrate and ammonia into the water,
especially meat flakes or neglected live food. The decaying of
the food also drastically effects the oxygen and pH levels in
the water as well, which can be extremely hard on both hearty
and delicate fish.
Finally, simple stress can create a wide variety of tropical
fish diseases. Signs of stress can include everything from
drastic color changes in your fish to changes in behavior.
Common signs include clamped fins, gasping, difficulty
swimming, and others. In spotting these signs quickly, you can
diagnose various disorders and have them treated as soon as
possible. You can reduce stress by turning your tank's light
off at night, refraining from tapping on the glass, and making
sure there are no drastic changes in the water temperature.
These causes often result in a variety of tropical fish
diseases. Velvet, for example, is when there are white spots
visible on the scales. This is commonly caused by parasites and
easily treated. Ich, or White Spot, is a similar disease that
is often caused by heightened stress levels. Fin rot is caused
by the presence of a malignant bacteria in the water that
gradually eats away at your fish. Finally, the dreaded Dropsy
is characterized by bloated bodies and scales that stand out
from the body. There is generally no cure for this—the best
thing to do is to eliminate the fish before it spreads to
others in your tank. Learn more about tropical fish diseases